Banks’ risk management capabilities are under the spotlight following the events of the past two years. The issue of liquidity used to sit firmly with the treasury department, but the advent of RTGS (real time gross settlement) has broadened its scope and
the current scarcity and cost of liquidity means that this problem now affects the flows in commercial and retail payments departments.
Managing liquidity is however becoming more complicated due to two main developments: new payment systems which are affecting liquidity in ways not experienced in the past, and increased regulation in the area. Until the introduction of the UK’s Faster Payments
Scheme in May last year, banks conducted their settlement overnight. However, now the real time payment mechanism for person-to-person transactions means that those banks offering the service must conduct settlement up to three times a day, which can have
an important effect on liquidity.
Further regulation is on the horizon but the Basel Committee Report of September 2008 has already specified 17 clear liquidity principles which it expects banks to implement “promptly and thoroughly” in areas such as the identification and management of
the full range of liquidity risks.
Banks are also increasingly realising that many payment services do not bear the real cost of the liquidity they consume. This is an issue since it could affect the customer proposition. Can these costs be passed on in today’s challenging market conditions
where customers are very sensitive to their own costs?
While all banks currently have some way of measuring liquidity, the systems responsible have typically grown organically over the years and numerous changes have been made as rules and payment types have evolved. These old legacy systems are naturally complex
and difficult to maintain. The question remains whether they can rise to the challenge of more sophisticated liquidity management requirements, particularly in a siloed environment?