Traditional trade and supply chain finance operations are undergoing a technological awakening: blockchain with smart contracts, Machine Learning, AI and the Internet of Things will bring trade into the digital age.
McKinsey reports trade is in it self undergoing transition. In 2017, gross trade in services totalled $5.1 trillion against goods at $17.3 trillion with services growing 60% faster than services over the last decade. The latest economic forecast expect
annual export growth for 2019 – 2050: Asia Pac 3.9% to 6.6%, North America 1.8% to 3.8% and Europe 2.2% to 4.1%. Trade today generates revenue of $50 billion a year for banks.
Trade has been a laggard of technology change because of the historic need for physical documents. Banks have been predicting the removal of paper and manual processing for years but paper still dominates trade today. In the 2018 ICC Global Survey, 60% of
the banks surveyed claim to be digitising their trade finance operations, but only 9% of banks have implemented solutions. Again, in 2019, the WTO reinforced the need for a technical revolution and KPMG reports investment in innovation and technology can drive
a step change in trade.
The supply chain finance market should grow even faster, as there is a shortage of $1.5 trillion of trade that needs financing. Trade uses a form of, or a combination of, credit, guarantee and insurance. Today, with technology, financial institutions can
provide credit and payments at each step of chain, almost instantaneously. Just look at the soaring adoption of cross border flows of free digital services for example email, YouTube and social media. These technologies along with DLT/Blockchain can bring
scalability to global trade.
Banks and FinTech are creating a new world of Trade Network Groups, which use the latest technologies. These groups, now in double figures, include Marco Polo, Voltron and Komgo, are supported by trade banks. The key requirement is significant transaction
Within banks, trade has been managed separately from the other banking areas, such as corporate banking and asset based lending. Trade requires these activities. These silos slows automation, as often more than one party at the bank needs to agree with another
on what technology to adopt. The ICC report noted little change in organisational structure over the last few years. Often stand-alone operations add significant risk, inefficiencies and extra costs to the processes. To optimize digital impact, these areas
need to be pulled together providing what banks and corporates want – a true picture of their working capital.
To modernise trade four activities need to run in parallel:
1. Transform the mountain of paperwork into an electronic format
To remove the paper and digitise manual processes artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning and Robotic Process Automation (RPA) needs to be embraced at scale. The more data put through these activities, the better the results and confidence
grows in knowing all the important clauses are on record. AI and ML have shown better results than manual screening.
2. Use new scalable digital technologies e.g. DLT/Blockchain
Blockchain news has dominated the trade space. There are plenty of proofs of concepts with many claiming reducing transaction time from 5 - 10 days to one. SWIFT’s announcement of partnering with R3 is encouragement for DLT. SWIFT messaging is a cornerstone
for the trade. In the first 4 months of 2019 banks averaged 2.7 million trade messages a month. It is this type of scale that new technologies require for trade.
3. Connect the new trade networks for collaboration and competition
By connecting these new trade networks, regardless of the type of technology used, many new eco trade markets can be created. The networks give secure, transparent electronic pathways for banks and corporates. Sellers, buyers, shippers, insurers, have
access to the information they need. By providing corporates and banks simple, easy, intelligent access trade flows will grow quickly.
4. Provide true working capital for the corporate and the bank
The corporate pays the fees and the move to open multi banking is growing (PSD2 and Open Banking), so banks need to accelerate the use of technology to keep their clients. OVUM research in 2018 showed: 75% of corporates (up from 52% in 2016) will move banks
By pulling information from the legacy banking systems both banks and corporates benefit. The bank seeing the level of risk given to the corporate and the corporate sees its financial position with the bank.
Moving to intraday reporting banks and corporates can see and deal with anomalies rapidly.
Technology awakening is a must for trade and our future prosperity. Trade today simply cannot continue in its present form. SWIFT, went live 40 years ago with cross border payment standards and technology that removed the paper and Teletype from the banking
system with great success.
Now it is trade’s turn to awaken to the benefits of technology.