The rising adoption of e-invoicing globally is coinciding with a decline in the use of traditional trade finance instruments. And a growing dependence on supply chain finance solutions fuelled by digital data. Banks, for whom trade finance has largely
been a concentrated market, have a unique opportunity to enter the fray. e-Invoicing automation can help banks deliver much needed trade finance solutions embedded within their SME digital banking suites.
According to the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), 90% of the traditional trade finance market is served by 13 banks. However, the landscape of traditional trade finance, comprising instruments like letters of credit (LCs), documentary credit and
guarantees, itself has been shifting. Data shows that the share of global trade using documentary credit declined from 50% in the 1970s to an estimated 15% in 2018. LCs have similarly seen a negative growth trend since 2014, and had fallen 2.7% by 2018.
On the other hand, supply chain finance (SCF) solutions, fuelled by the growing integration of physical (logistics) and financial trade data, are seeing increasing traction. According to data from the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), an estimated
80% of global trade happens on open account transactions, which in turn facilitate supply chain finance.
In this scenario, the growing adoption of e-invoicing and the resulting automation in verification, tax reporting, and invoice management is proving to be the perfect catalyst for data-driven supply chain finance solutions.
For banks globally, supply chain finance is an emerging area of interest. An ICC global survey of 251 banks in 2018 found that only 15% of the banks’ trade finance related activities pertained to supply chain finance. With this immense scope for growth,
banks today have the opportunity to integrate e-invoicing solutions into their treasury management and commercial banking offerings, and use this to scale supply chain offerings to both, corporate clients and underserved SME businesses.
Global Landscape for e-Invoicing
e-Invoicing today stands for a lot more than digitalised, structured invoice data; it has fuelled an entire ecosystem of solutions around use cases like real-time continuous transaction controls and clearance, with suppliers and buyers exchanging invoices
via centralised government infrastructure. e-Invoicing mandates worldwide are pushing markets, especially supply chain solution providers, to adopt standardisation and digitisation of invoices across business to business (B2B), business to government (B2G),
and government to business (G2B) scenarios. As shown in Exhibit 1, maturity of e-invoicing adoption is not restricted to developed markets. Developing markets demonstrate that government mandates for e-invoices are the biggest enablers for their growing potential.
According to a Billentis market report, approximately five billion B2B e-invoices are expected to be processed globally in 2022 via service providers (Exhibit 2). Asia Pacific (APAC) is predicted to be the most promising market for e-invoicing growth due
to strong acceleration with high growth rates in consumer, business and government segments.
Invoicing Automation Can Help Address Challenges in Supply Chain Finance
The global e-invoicing solution, service provider and enabling market was estimated at a value of USD 8.74 Billion in 2021 and is expected to reach USD 29.68 Billion by 2027 at a CAGR of 21.5% during 2022-27. As seen in Exhibit 3, this landscape is currently
dominated by technology solutions providers, and fintechs, who are essentially serving as tech facilitators.
Large scale government e-invoicing mandates like India’s GST are leading to digitisation of supply-chain
finance. Large ERP solution providers have launched integrated plug-ins for creating compliant e-invoices for multiple countries and also integrated tax filing formats. However, gaps in a fully digital, seamless experience for both, buyers and sellers still
exist due to fragmentation of delivery, fragmentation of the underlying assets, limited credit and expertise, and cross-border friction due to geopolitical tensions.
e-Invoicing automation, especially when integrated with a bank’s cash and treasury management services has the potential to address some of the most persistent fragmentation challenges.
e-Invoicing Automation Can Unlock SME Trade Finance for Banks
Banks’ participation in trade finance has traditionally been as part of services offered to large corporate buyers. In this scenario, financing has largely favoured larger suppliers, while smaller supply-chain vendors remain underserved. e-Invoicing is
increasing the visibility of smaller supply-chain vendors’ financial health and transactions. Specifically, e-invoicing enables cost-efficient onboarding and servicing of SME suppliers with:
Complete and verified due diligence and KYC with mandated tax registration
Verified invoices and visibility into unpaid invoices
Verified tax and invoice data available for modelling
Potential for accounts payable/accounts receivable (AP/AR) automation
Banks are thus well placed to assess the financial health, financing requirements and credit worthiness of a larger pool of suppliers, and offer trade-centric financing services, like supply chain financing, dynamic discounting, auction marketplaces, buyer-led
invoice finance, p-cards, seller auctions, factoring and invoice finance.
Corporate customers extensively use cash management and treasury services from the banks. e-Invoicing integrated into treasury management can be offered to both corporate and SME segments. Digitised and automated business processes for invoices have potential
to be integrated with accounting software and offered as value added services with treasury management, like creating, scheduling, transmitting invoices to customers, bill payer services and payment services. Exhibit 4 highlights the value addition that can
be created by banks with this approach.
With e-invoicing mandates and continuous transaction controls (like e-way bills in India), banks can deliver the following supply chain finance solutions to SMEs:
Reverse Factoring: With e-invoices verified and processed in 24 hours, a larger pool of invoices gets approved by the corporate buyers. Banks can build a reverse factoring service to SME sellers with e-invoices services integrated into treasury
Invoice Factoring: Invoice factoring can be directly offered to SMEs who are commercial banking clients or this sector can be served by big banks as credit worthiness and KYC can be ascertained in almost real time, even for new sellers or
Dynamic Discounting and Payments: Through Request-to-pay (RTP) payment services built-in as value added services in treasury management, banks can offer automated dynamic discounting opportunities list with assessing cash flow and real time
AP/AR reconciliation of both buyers and sellers.
Supplier Invoice Management: Embedding e-invoicing into online banking or commercial banking services addresses a massive pain area for SMEs of financial administration of invoices. Invoicing interoperability (for B2B and B2G) is offered
only by large ERP solution providers and may not be accessible to SMEs; banks can leverage this service gap with embedded E-invoicing.
- Digital Storage or Archiving Invoices: Management and maintenance of compliance data which is archived is a weak area for SMEs. Banks offering this service can gradually help build stronger balance sheets for SMEs and bring them to pool
of institutional credit financing.
Building capacities for supply chain finance is emerging as an important approach to serving the USD 1.5 trillion trade finance gap. SMEs, representing 45% of this gap, are an important but underserved value pool for the supply chain finance market.
The e-Invoicing public infrastructure landscape is witnessing an increasing emergence of government, public and private bodies, like TreDs (India), BPC (Oceania and Europe) and Peppol (Pan European Public Procurement Online), that are spurring innovation
and integration in supply chain finance solutions across sellers and buyers, aggregators, lenders and government. Continuous transaction controls and clearance are an important piece of the e-invoicing automation enabled by this ecosystem.
Banks, with their existing trade finance and treasury management infrastructure, are well-placed to adopt these emerging capabilities, and deliver integrated business banking and supply chain finance services to SMEs and corporates alike.
1) OECD, 2021, Trade Finance for SMEs in the Digital Era,
2) BIllentis, eInvoicing Market Review,
3) Research and Markets, E-Invoicing Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2022-2027;
4) Asian Development Bank, Trade Finance Gaps, Growth and Jobs Survey, 2019,