Environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors have continued to move from the fringes of the investing world to a priority topic. Most recently, ESG has become vitally important to investors and fund managers in the private markets.
This is Part 1 of a series on ESG investing. View part 2, “The Top 10 ESG Metrics Private Equity Funds should Collect.”
In 2018, IHS Markit explored the impact of ESG across private market investments and fund types, including multi-strategy groups, institutional advisors and fund of funds.
By conducting a series of interviews, meetings and roundtables with global investors and international organizations such as the UN’s Principles for Responsible Investing (PRI), we assessed how private market participants view the challenges and opportunities
in ESG. Our findings are published in The LP Footprint Project, a proprietary study analyzing 163 LPs across Europe, Asia and North America.
From our research, three trends are clear in private markets:
1: ESG reporting is on the rise.
The LP Footprint Project found that 63% of limited partners (LPs) researched have public ESG policies, 59% have self-selected to be signatories with PRI and 40% publicly publish annual ESG reports, with the number rapidly growing.
A recent PEI report based on a global study of 101 institutional investors corroborates our research, reporting that ESG is a consideration for 85% of LPs throughout due diligence on PE funds, but only 19% agreed that general partner (GP) investments strongly
reflect their ESG policies.
Our research found a growing number of GPs are beginning to close that gap by choosing to track and report ESG metrics on their portfolio companies’ operations. At our 2018 client conference in London, 67% of attendees confirmed that they collect ESG data.
ESG reporting is seen as a way for firms to differentiate themselves from other GPs with similar investment theses pre-investment and to increase transparency to investors post-investment. Of our 2018 London conference attendees, 28% reported the drive to
collect ESG data was a responsible investor initiative, 10% in preparation for a fund raise and 57% for both, paired with existing investor requests. As a result, portfolio companies face increasingly requests from GPs to provide ESG metrics during the due
diligence process and throughout the investment period.
2: All participants see value in ESG reporting.
Through roundtable discussions in 2018 with 17 private market firms, we confirmed that LPs and GPs alike derive three major benefits from ESG reporting.
Managing Risk. As materiality concerns go beyond financial data, ESG metrics enable a more in-depth assessment of risk. Assessing ESG factors during due diligence flags potential risks to monitor throughout the investment period.
Drive Value. The practice of ESG reporting can be an indicator of strong corporate oversight, controls and a commitment to transparency, which combined with assessment of ESG metrics themselves have been correlated in many studies with potential for
Differentiation. As LPs prioritize ESG, GPs tracking and reporting on portfolio company ESG metrics can produce reports to demonstrate to investors their commitment to driving better financial performance as well as supporting social or environmental
Here again, other research corroborates our findings. A Morgan Stanley survey of 118 large institutions showed that 78% of investors identified risk management as an important application for ESG data and 77% of investors identified return potential as
an important factor in ESG-driven investing.
3: Better tools and guidelines are needed.
In recent years, the private markets have made great strides in improving transparency and reporting capabilities, but more is needed to support ESG objectives for investors and investment managers alike. Our research shows that new tools and guidelines
are two areas where leadership is most required:
Guidelines on ESG metrics will help LPs and GPs determine the data that needs to be requested and reported on throughout the investment lifecycle. GPs and LPs reported there are multiple consortiums and organizations aspiring to outline standard processes
and metrics. Nevertheless, no set reporting standard for portfolio companies has come to the forefront globally for private capital markets.
Tools for collecting and analyzing ESG data are needed to help GPs be efficient in collecting and integrating these additional data into their existing portfolio monitoring and reporting processes.
ESG adoption is on the rise in private markets
Interest in ESG continues to grow in the private markets and our research indicates that all market participants, including LPs, GPs and portfolio companies, are looking for more direction and support that enables them to integrate ESG metrics into their
existing workflows. In 2019, we will continue to facilitate collaboration among private market participants and share our findings to advance ESG research for private capital.
 PEI Perspectives 2019 Special Report, December 2018
 Morgan Stanley, Sustainable Signals Asset Owners 2018 Survey, June 2018