The International Capital Market Association today released the results of its semi-annual survey of the repo market in Europe conducted on December 7, 2005, which shows that the minimum market size has risen to over EUR 5.8 trillion - an increase in market size of 18% since December 2004.
The European repo market now probably exceeds its US equivalent in size. The average size of the participating institutions' individual repo books, jumped to EUR 74 billion from EUR 66 billion.
This is the tenth in the series of ICMA surveys which have provided firm statistical evidence of continuing spectacular growth in the repo market over the last 5 years. The European repo survey was established in 2001 to provide accurate statistics on the size and composition of the repo market. Repo is the essential financing tool which effectively underpins capital market operations by funding bond positions in the wholesale capital markets, which in turn are used for hedging and arbitrage strategies against derivatives. Despite being crucial to the development of the capital market in Europe, accurate figures on repo market size were hard to obtain and the ICMA surveys have an important role, providing market participants with the necessary data to gauge their market share and develop their business strategies.
The 10th survey highlights a number of important issues relating to the composition and operation of the market:
- the advance in the electronic trading of repo continued in 2005, with inter-dealer automated trading systems now taking a 24.7% share of reported business, of which about half is anonymous trading settled with central clearing counterparties (CCPs)
- the share of the market taken by voice brokers fell to 21.8%
- floating-rate repo (indexed to EONIA) grew rapidly, possibly in anticipation of rising short-term interest rates
- long-term repos (beyond one-year), spurred by recent tax changes, accounted for more than 5% of business
- the dominance of German issued securities as collateral was confirmed as their share of reported business increased to 24.9%
- the market share of EUR denominated capital continued to decline
Commenting on the survey, Godfried De Vidts, Chairman of ICMA's European Repo Council said: "I am naturally delighted that the survey again demonstrates the increasing size and importance of this market, however there is still much hard work to be done to ensure that Europe gets the infrastructure it needs to maintain its global competitiveness. The news that the European Commissioners for Competition and the Internal Market intend to propose action on the current fragmented infrastructure of European securities settlement before the summer is most welcome. In light of the imminent approach of Basel 2, repo market participants urgently need improvements in this area in order to build on the existing success of the market."