Visa (NYSE: V) today announced financial results for our fiscal second quarter ended March 31, 2008.
GAAP net income for the quarter was $314 million, or $0.39 per diluted class A common share. GAAP diluted class A common shares outstanding were 778 million. On an adjusted basis (reflective of a normalized tax rate and excluding litigation, restructuring and purchase amortization), net income for the quarter was $401 million, or $0.52 per diluted class A common share. Adjusted diluted class A common shares outstanding were 779 million.
Net operating revenue in the fiscal second quarter 2008 was $1.5 billion. Strong contributions were made by service fees, data processing fees, and international transaction fees as payment volumes and processed transactions rose across all regions worldwide.
"We are very pleased with our financial results for our first quarter as a public company. Despite a challenging economic environment, Visa recorded strong growth in payments volume and transactions globally and across our diverse suite of products - a trend which is continuing into the fiscal third quarter," said Joseph Saunders, Visa's chairman and chief executive officer. "Our performance is a testament to Visa's business model and economic resiliency, as we continue to lead the migration from cash and checks to electronic payments."
"Visa is focused on growing our business globally by extending our industry-leading processing services, expanding our products to new geographies, and further strengthening our valuable relationships with financial institutions and merchants who are critical to our success," said Mr. Saunders.Fiscal Second Quarter 2008 Financial Highlights:
Visa Inc. reports operational performance data on a trailing one quarter basis, based on information provided to the company from client financial institutions. This operational performance data, which includes payments volume for our clients, total volume, total payments transactions, and total cards carrying Visa brands, are in part the basis for financial results in the following quarter. For the period ending December 31, 2007, which impacts the March 2008 fiscal quarter, Visa's operational performance highlights include:
- Payments volume grew 19% over the prior year to $681 billion;
- Total volume, inclusive of cash volume was $1.1 trillion, an increase of 21% over the prior year;
- Total cards carrying the Visa brands rose 16% worldwide to 1.6 billion over the prior year; and
- Total payment transactions increased by 16% over the prior year to 11 billion.
Total processed transactions, which are based on current fiscal second quarter results on Visa's processing system, were 8.8 billion, a 15% increase over the prior year.
For the fiscal second quarter 2008, service fees were $792 million, up 29% over the prior year on a pro forma basis, and were recognized based on payment volume in the prior quarter. All other fee categories are recognized based on current quarter activity and are also compared on a pro forma basis. Data processing fees rose 34% over the prior year to $494 million. International transaction fees, which are driven by cross-border payments volume, grew 35% over the prior year to $379 million, as we continued to benefit from higher multi-currency payments volumes across all regions during the fiscal second quarter. Other revenue, which includes the Visa Europe licensing fee, was $126 million for the fiscal second quarter. Volume and incentive payments, which are contra revenue, were $338 million for the fiscal second quarter.
Total operating expenses were $1.1 billion for the fiscal second quarter, up 39% over the prior year on a pro forma basis. The increase in total operating expenses over the prior year was primarily driven by a $285 million provision for covered litigation. This amount is expected to be fully covered for Visa Inc. under the terms of the retrospective responsibility plan. Excluding this provision, operating expenses grew only 3% over the prior year on a pro forma basis.
Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and available-for-sale investment securities were $8 billion at March 31, 2008, and includes $2.7 billion that we intend to use to redeem all of the series II and a portion of the series III class C shares in October 2008.
Other items for the second fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2008, included:
- The Company funded the U.S. litigation escrow account with $3 billion of net proceeds from the initial public offering; and
- A $945 million payment was made to American Express which was funded through the litigation escrow account as part of our legal settlement.
The Company's net income and earnings per share, excluding special items, are non-GAAP financial measures that are reconciled to their most directly comparable GAAP measure in the accompanying financial tables.
Management believes the presentation of adjusted operating income and adjusted net income provides a clearer understanding of the one-time items related to the Company's reorganization and initial public offering. These measures also adjust for expenses related to covered litigation that will be funded by the litigation escrow account through the retrospective responsibility plan. These items have a significant impact on our financial results but are either non-recurring or have no operating cash impact. Recognizing that we have a very complex equity structure incorporating multiple classes and series of common stock, the Company has also presented adjusted diluted class A earnings per share calculated based on adjusted net income and the adjusted weighted average number of shares outstanding in the periods presented. This non-GAAP financial measure has been presented to illustrate our per share results reflecting our capital structure after the redemption of all class C (series II) common stock and a portion of class C (series III) common stock, which the Company intends to redeem in October 2008. The class C (series II) common stock is classified as temporary equity and the class C (series III) common stock is classified as a liability on the Company's consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2008. Management believes this non-GAAP presentation provides the reader with a clearer understanding of our per share results by excluding those shares to be redeemed and allocating adjusted net income only to classes and series of common stock classified as permanent equity.Fiscal Year-to-Date 2008 Results:
For the six months ended March 31, 2008, Visa Inc. reported GAAP net income of $738 million, or $0.93 per diluted class A common share. GAAP diluted class A common shares outstanding were 762 million.
On an adjusted basis, (reflective of a normalized tax rate and excluding litigation, restructuring, and purchase amortization) net income for the six months ended March 31, 2008, was $844 million, or $1.08 per diluted class A common share. Adjusted diluted class A common shares outstanding were 779 million.
Net operating revenue for the six months ended March 31, 2008, was $2.9 billion, up 24% over the prior year on a pro forma basis.
Total operating expenses were $1.9 billion for the six months ended March 31, 2008, up 21% over the prior year on a pro forma basis. The increase in total operating expenses over the prior year was primarily driven by a $285 million provision for covered litigation. This amount is expected to be fully covered for Visa Inc. under the terms of the retrospective responsibility plan. Excluding this provision, operating expenses grew only 3% over the prior year on a pro forma basis.Financial Outlook:
Visa Inc.'s financial outlook over the next three years includes the following metrics:
- Annual net revenue growth of 11% to 15%;
- Annual adjusted operating margin (adjusted earnings before interest and taxes) in the low 40% range;
- Annual adjusted diluted class A common earnings per share growth of 20% or greater; and
- Annual free cash flow (cash flow from operations plus cash reimbursements from litigation escrow less capital spending) in excess of $1 billion.
This outlook reflects an assumed 41% percent GAAP tax rate for fiscal year 2008. Our intent is to reduce this rate to a level around 35-36% over the next five years.
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