The European Commission says regulations to cap the interchange fees charged to merchants by the global card schemes have had the desired effect of reducing costs to merchants and driving cross-border acquiring.
The main objectives of the initial 2015 Regulation were the creation of a single market for card payments and the prevention of competition restrictions, including the inability of merchants to negotiate fees below the interchange fees levels. The separation of card schemes from entities processing card transactions was specified by Regulatory Technical Standards, which entered into force on 7 February 2018.
The follow-up study submitted to the European Parliament concludes that the main objectives of the rule changes have been achieved, as interchange fees for consumer cards have decreased, "ultimately resulting in improved services to consumers and lower consumer prices".
Furthermore, market integration has improved through the increased use by merchants of acquirers located in other Member States and more cross-border card transactions.
The Commission says that further monitoring and data gathering is necessary in some areas, including those where only limited time has elapsed since the Regulation entered into force.
"Given the positive impact of the IFR and the need for more time to see the full effects of the Regulation, the report is not accompanied by a revision legislative proposal."